Chloramphenicol palmitate: 561.54. Chloramphenicol sodium succinate: 445.19. Mechanism of action/Effect: Chloramphenicol, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, is bacteriostatic. However, it may be bactericidal in high concentrations or when used against highly susceptible organisms.
Chloramphenicol is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from Streptomyces venequelae with primarily bacteriostatic activity. Chloramphenicol diffuses through the bacterial cell wall and reversibly binds to the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit.
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. This includes use as an eye ointment to treat conjunctivitis. By mouth or by injection into a vein, it is used to treat meningitis, plague, cholera, and typhoid fever.
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